What is a Cataract?

Are you suffering from foggy or blurred vision that isn't improved by wearing your prescription eyeglasses or lenses? If so, you may be suffering from a cataract – and you aren’t alone.

More than 22 million people in the U.S. alone suffer from a cataract and it is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world today. However, with prompt diagnosis and excellent treatment and care by Dr. Frenkel, your cataract can be treated and your eyesight preserved for many years to come.

cataract visual explaination

What is a cataract?

When we look at an object, it is created by reflections of light, which passes through the lens (cornea) and hits the retina, positioned at the very back of the eye. The cornea is curved and bends the light as it enters the eye.

This creates an upside-down image onto the retina. Then, nerve impulses carry information about the image to our brain through the optic nerve, and our brain interprets the image and tells us what we can see.

In patients with cataracts, their lenses becomes clouded, which disrupts the usual vision process and causes the images to appear blurry.

What causes a cataract?

Cataracts are most commonly associated with advancing age, since as we get older, physical changes within the lenses of the eye are the primary causes of cataract development. However, it is also possible for younger people to suffer from a cataract.

Other causes can include:
  • Recurring eye infections
  • Exposure to UV light (for example, using sun beds without adequate eye protection)
  • Exposure to intense heat and/or radiation
  • Injury to the eye
  • Medications such as steroids
  • Medical conditions, most commonly – diabetes

Patient with behaviors including smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and recreational drug use, and a family history of the condition can also put you at higher risk of developing cataracts.

Symptoms of Cataracts

The most common symptom of a cataract is experiencing blurred or clouded vision, but there are some other signs that may indicate the condition, such as:

  • Feeling like everything you see is dimmed or too dark
  • Feeling as though there is a thin film across your eyes
  • Being dazzled by strong or bright light
  • Seeing two of everything, also known as seeing double
  • A regularly changing prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, but with very little or no improvement in your eyesight

If you attend a regular eye examination during this time, your eye doctor may also be able to spot a light-colored area on your pupil.

Will I develop a cataract in both eyes?

Although it is possible to develop a cataract only in one eye, the majority of patients find that they tend to occur in both. However, they do not necessarily grow at the same rate, meaning that your vision may be better in one eye than the other.

If you are concerned that you may have cataracts and would like further advice, or to arrange an appointment with our experienced, knowledgeable and reassuring team, please do not hesitate call Laser Vision of Fort Collins today at 970-999-1700.

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Laser Vision of Fort Collins

Contact: 970-999-1700
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Contact Laser Vision of Fort Collins to schedule an appointment and learn more about your eye health today